Mandatory Minimums in Criminal Cases
Often, people charged with a crime are willing to accept certain consequences, but one of the biggest points of concern is the amount of jail or prison time that they will face. When hiring a criminal defense attorney, the purpose is for the attorney to try to get you the best possible result given facts and circumstances at hand.
What some clients fail to realize, however, is that whether sentencing occurs after a plea bargain or after a guilty verdict through a criminal trial, criminal defense lawyers have very limited parameters with regard to sentencing. In fact, in come cases even the judge has very limited parameters when It comes to sentencing. This is because some convictions require mandatory minimums.
In this blog, we will discuss just a few mandatory minimums and what affect they have. This is no substitute for the advice of a criminal defense lawyer and should be use for informational purposes only.
Criminal sentencing in general
Typically, criminal convictions follow sentencing guidelines, for misdemeanors, felonies, or federal charges. These guidelines govern the law that a judge must adhere to when sentencing a defendant that has been found guilty or is pleading guilty.
Judges typically have discretion with many aspects of sentencing. For example, judge have desertion regarding some time ranges, whether or not multiple sentences are served consecutively or concurrently, amounts of some fines, certain probationary restrictions and conditions, etc. With mandatory minimums, however, the judge’s hands are tied for the most part.
Mandatory minimums based on the crime
Most serious crimes will require some prison time if they defendant is convicted. The amount of time is based on prior convictions and the level of that crime.
One of the most controversial of these crimes however is drug trafficking, which has very hefty mandatory minimums in North Carolina, South Carolina, and the federal level. Drug trafficking carries mandatory prison time and that time is served consecutively (back-to-back) per charge. This occurs regardless of criminal record. One of the reasons that this is so controversial is because crimes with mandatory prison time often do not involve violence.
Mandatory minimums based on the facts and circumstances surrounding a crime
There are some crimes that apply mandatory minimum sentences if certain facts or circumstances are present. Meaning, instead of following the normal sentencing for that particular crime, a mandatory minimum is enforced or a sentencing enhancement is added on in additional the time served for the underlying crime.
Two examples of these occurrences are:
- Statutory rape in North Carolina, where there is a mandatory minimum of 25 years if the victim was under the age of 13; and
- Under federal criminal law, when a firearm is used during the commission or a violent crime or drug crime. The use of the firearm adds at least an additional 5 years to whatever time would have been served for the underlying charge.
These are just a few examples of the application of mandatory minimums, but like most topics in criminal law, it can get very complicated. If you have been charged with a crime in North Carolina, charged with a crime in South Carolina, or charged with a federal crime, contact us.